Saturday, September 30, 2017

September - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan










September 1st Week

Industrial Engineering Optimization

Mathematical optimization was used by F.W. Taylor. As operations research was developed and more optimization techniques were developed, industrial engineers advocated the use of them in companies to improve productivity, reduce costs, and increase profits. All industrial engineering redesigns are to be optimized and industrial engineers use various optimization techniques to optimize their engineering redesigns to increase productivity.

Complete Course in OR/Optimization -  http://orms.pef.czu.cz/

1

Operations Research - An Efficiency Improvement Tool for Industrial Engineers

PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH
(from the perspective of an industrial engineer)
(From Maynard's Industrial Engineering Handbook, 5th Edition, pp. 11.27-11.44)
Jayant Rajgopal (From Rajgopal's website)
http://www.pitt.edu/~jrclass/or/or-intro.html

2

What is mathematical programming?
http://coral.ie.lehigh.edu/~ted/files/ie316/lectures/Lecture1.pdf
Examples of Mathematical Programming.
http://coral.ie.lehigh.edu/~ted/files/ie316/lectures/Lecture2.pdf

3

Simplex Method
http://mat.gsia.cmu.edu/classes/QUANT/NOTES/chap7.pdf

4.  Transportation Problem
http://orms.pef.czu.cz/text/transProblem.html

5. Queing Models
http://orms.pef.czu.cz/text/QueTeory/QueuingModels.html


September 2nd  Week


8. Simulation
http://orms.pef.czu.cz/text/NolinearProgramming/simulation.html


9. An Overview of Optimization Techniques for CNC Milling Machine
https://www.alliedjournals.com/download_data/IJEMS_V1IS50005.pdf

10. New Technology and Optimization of Mobile Phone Battery
https://theseus.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/110646/Liu%20Jian_Zhang%20Yixian.pdf?sequence=1

11. Combustion Optimization in PF Boilers
http://www.eecpowerindia.com/codelibrary/ckeditor/ckfinder/userfiles/files/Session%201%20Combustion%20and%20Optimisation%20in%20coal%20fired%20boilers_KBP_17_09_2013.pdf

12. Application of Optimization Techniques in the Power System Control
https://uni-obuda.hu/journal/Kadar_43.pdf

September Third Week


Industrial Engineering Statistics


F.W. Taylor himself advocated maintaining of records and data for decision making. The other industrial engineering pioneers also promoted record keeping and data analysis. As sampling based  decision making became more robust, industrial engineers promoted it as a productivity improvement initiative and imperative. One of the prominent areas of application is statistical quality control. Now six sigma, a statistics based technique is being promoted by the IE profession.

15.  Basics of Statistics
http://bobhall.tamu.edu/FiniteMath/Module8/Introduction.html



16.  Statistical Process Control
http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/pmc/section1/pmc12.htm
http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/pmc/section3/pmc3.htm

Evaluation Improvement of Production Productivity Performance using Statistical Process Control, Overall Equipment Efficiency, and Autonomous Maintenance,
Amir Azizi
Procedia Manufacturing
Volume 2, 2015, Pages 186-190
open access
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2351978915000335


17. Statistical Quality Control
http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/pmc/section2/pmc2.htm


18. Calculation of Sample Sizes in Work Measurement and Work Sampling

http://www.measuringu.com/sample_continuous.htm
http://www.prenhall.com/divisions/bp/app/russellcd/PROTECT/CHAPTERS/CHAP08/HEAD06.HTM  (WorK measurement full chapter - Includes sample size calculation for time study and work sampling)


19. Test of Hypothesis
http://www.math.uah.edu/stat/hypothesis/Introduction.html

Test of hypothesis is to be used by industrial engineers to confirm or validate that their redesign or a process has resulted in the increase of productivity. This becomes useful when there is variation in the output from various workstations or persons.  We can also visualize activities in different places. In such case we test the hypothesis that productivity has improved in the workstations where redesign is is implemented.

HYPOTHESIS TESTING FOR THE PROCESS CAPABILITY RATIO - 2002 MS Thesis
https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file%3Faccession%3Dohiou1040054409%26disposition%3Dinline

One More presentation
http://fac.ksu.edu.sa/sites/default/files/DOE_Lecture%204%20test%20of%20hypothesis.pdf

September Fourth Week


22. Design of Experiments
http://asq.org/learn-about-quality/data-collection-analysis-tools/overview/design-of-experiments-tutorial.html

http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/pmd/section3/pmd31.htm

23. Six Sigma

http://www.intechopen.com/books/quality-management-and-six-sigma/six-sigma

http://nraomtr.blogspot.com/2014/05/six-sigma-introduction.html

24. Application of Six Sigma
http://www.intechopen.com/books/six-sigma-projects-and-personal-experiences/5-successful-projects-from-the-application-of-six-sigma-methodology

25. Application of Six Sigma
http://www.wseas.us/e-library/conferences/2013/Vouliagmeni/INMAT/INMAT-01.pdf

26. Application of Six Sigma
http://www.journalamme.org/papers_amme05/1414.pdf


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One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December

In months after June the articles prescribed have to be modified as a new scheme is started in 2015.

Updated  5 September 2017,  23 August 2017, 11 September 2016,  30 September 2014


Principles of Industrial Engineering

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Friday, September 22, 2017

Productivity Machine Tool Engineering



Productivity machine tool engineering has two aspects. One is improving the productivity of a manufacturing process by selecting more efficient machine tools. It also involves developing special purpose machine tools that increase productivity in a process.

The second aspect is redesign of machine tools to make them more productive in manufacturing processes. The role of industrial engineers in this activity is to identify the performance features of machine tools that give increased productivity in manufacturing processes.


Advances in Machine Tool Design and Research 1967: Proceedings
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Gc8gBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA1#v=onepage&q&f=false


Design Optimization of Machine-Tool Structures Considering Manufacturing Cost, Accuracy, and Productivity
M. Yoshimura, Y. Takeuchi and K. Hitomi
J. Mech., Trans., and Automation 106(4), 531-537 (Dec 01, 1984)
http://mechanicaldesign.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/article.aspx?articleid=1452435

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Productivity IoT Engineering



Using IoT technology and systems to improve productivity of engineering and engineering related products and processes.



Illustrations

Manpower Productivity Improvement Using IoT


Illustrations from Singapore Companies of replacing manpower with IoT enabled systems and devices


Symphony Group uses drones and IoT to count cars in its inventory. It used to take the company 50 man-hours to complete the count, but now it estimates to complete it within the hour using  a single technician.

HOPE Technik tackled  the challenge of carrying heavy loads for many industries by developing AGVs.The SESTO AGV is a robotic product and it functions flexibly in any facility. The AGVs do not require embedded lines or magnetic strips on the ground. SESTO AGV system has a payload ranging from 200 kilogrammes to 2 tonnes. Equipped with a laser-based navigation system and intelligent planning capability, the driverless  autonomous system functions without requiring any modifications to an existing environment.

The AGVs are deployed in a hospital, replacing four personnel to transport lab samples to lab technicians. The system handled over 500 deliveries per 12-hour shift and freed up the manpower.

In a semiconductor plant, five  SESTO AGVs helped take over the duties of twenty personnel, who previously transported work-in-progress materials between processes. This system handles 12,000 deliveries per 12-hour shift.

 AiTreat  is developing a Massage Assistive Robotic System (MARS) to help to help  the Traditional Chinese Massage practitioner serve two to five persons using robots to find massage needs and do massage with the massage plan created by the experienced practitioner. Thus it provides  direct labour productivity increase of 200-500 percent. MARS will have many different advanced sensors, like 3D, thermal, force/torque, distance, etc, to understand the points of tightness in the body and then provide the required massage at the required places.

https://www.techinasia.com/talk/madeinsingapore-iot-solutions-improve-labour-productivity



The Internet of Manufacturing Things:

Advances in sensors, standards and software could connect virtually everything

By Thomas R. Cutler
Industrial and Systems Engineering at Work
August 2014    |    Volume: 46    |    Number: 8

 IoT can improve various aspects of manufacturing efficiency, including productivity, asset health, profitability, quality, safety, employee safety and environmental impact. The narrow slice of the Industrial Internet of Things that mostly affects industrial engineers is the Internet of Manufacturing Things.
http://www.iise.org/industrialengineer/Details.aspx?id=37485


The Internet of Manufacturing Things
12 April, 2017
https://www.iot-now.com/2017/04/12/60647-internet-manufacturing-things/

Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Productivity Automation Engineering

Redesigning products or processes by incorporating automation to improve productivity.



Illustrations

Where does productivity engineering fit in software development?

Developer productivity engineering
Productivity engineers build systems, create processes, and facilitate development efforts that enable other engineers to be more productive.
http://ablogaboutcode.com/2017/05/26/productivity-engineering


Developer Productivity Engineering
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_________________
Goruco

Smart Automation Technology for Maximum Productivity
https://www.boschrexroth.com/en/us/trends-and-topics/automation-productivity/index


Increasing productivity with Automation
November 2014
https://www.cleanindiajournal.com/increasing-productivity-with-automation/


Presentation on Increasing Productivity Through Automation
H.K. Chatterjee
at TexTech Exhibition, Ahmedabad, 2006

Productivity Engineering - Definition, Explanation and Areas





Productivity Engineering Explained


Productivity Engineering: Redesigning engineering and engineering related products and processes using engineering and engineering related knowledge relevant to improving the productivity.

Productivity science provides input to carry out productivity engineering. It means productivity science provides the opportunity to invent and patent new product features and process components that will improve productivity. Inventions are not always preceded by science. Many times inventors came out with engineering devices even when there is no science supporting it. Air conditioning is one example where invention came first and then science was developed that helped in designing air conditioners to fit various needs.


Areas of Productivity Engineering

Productivity Software Engineering
Redesigning products or processes by including software solutions, or developing software solutions to improve productivity in any activity or process
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.in/2017/09/productivity-software-engineering.html

Productivity VR Engineering: Redesigning products and processes using VR to improve productivity.
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.in/2017/09/productivity-vr-engineering.html

Productivity Automation Engineering
Redesigning products or processes by incorporating automation to improve productivity.
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/09/productivity-automation-engineering.html

Productivity IoT Engineering
Using IoT technology and systems to improve productivity of engineering and engineering related products and processes.
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/09/productivity-iot-engineering.html


Productivity VR Engineering - Productivity Virtual Reality Engineering



Productivity Engineering: Redesigning engineering products and processes using engineering knowledge relevant to improving the productivity. Productivity science provide input to carry out productivity engineering. It means productivity science provides the opportunity to invent and patent new product features and process components that will improve productivity.

Productivity VR Engineering is an area of Productivity Engineering

Productivity VR Engineering: Redesigning products and processes using VR to improve productivity.


The motivation for making this post today (19 September 2017) came from a post in the Linked community of IISE having the link to the article.

https://www.ennomotive.com/10-industries-virtual-reality/


One more sub-area of productivity engineering is identified today.

Productivity Software Engineering
Redesigning products or processes by including software solutions, or developing software solutions to improve productivity in any activity or process
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.in/2017/09/productivity-software-engineering.html

Productivity Software Engineering



Redesigning products or processes by including software solutions, or developing software solutions to improve productivity in any activity or process.

Illustration

https://www.threadsol.com/
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